Sapwood of hard maple is most commonly used rather than heartwood. Sapwood colour ranges from nearly white to white-cream sometimes leaning towards reddish or golden.

Birdseye is most commonly found in hard maple.

Grain is generally straight with a fine, even texture, but may be wavy.

Fairly easy to work with both hand a machine tools. Hard maple is more difficult than soft maple. Tends to burn when being machined with high-speed cutters. Glues, stains and finishes well, though blotches can occur when staining.

Commonly used for flooring, musical instruments, cutting boards, butcher blocks, work benches, turned and specialty items.