Burmese Teak (Tectona Grandis)
Family – Verbenaceae
Distribution – Burma, India, Thailand and Indonesia
Other Names: Tectona theka, Burma teak, Deleg, Djati, Djatos, Dodolan, Genuine teak, Gia thi, Giati, Jate, Jati, Jati sak, Jatih, Jatos, Java teak, Kaiti, Kulidawa, Kyoon-pen, Kyun, Mai sak, Maisak, Moulimein teak, Pahi, Rangoon teak, Rosawa, Sagon, Sagwan, Tadi, Teak, Teca, Teck, Tegina, Tekku, Thekku, Thukku, Tik, Tsik
Characteristics: The sapwood is yellowish or whitish in colour, and sharply defined from the heartwood, which is golden-brown, sometimes figured with darker markings. The wood has an oily feel and a strong odour when freshly cut, reminiscent of old leather. After drying much of the odour is lost, but the wood retains its oily feel. Teak darkens in colour on exposure; it has a fairly straight grain, sometimes irregular, and a coarse, uneven texture. The average weight of Burma teak is about 640 kg/m3 when dried.
Working Qualities: The wood can be worked with moderate ease. It takes nails and screws fairly well, and glues satisfactorily on freshly machined or sanded surfaces.
Uses: Shipbuilding, decking, deck-houses, bulwarks, furniture, cabinet- making, interior fittings and panelling, outdoor furniture, plywood and veneer.
Rhodesian Teak (Baikiaea Plurijuga)
Family – Leguminosae
Distribution – Angola, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Other Names: Gusi, Igusi, Ikusi, Mkusi, Mukushi, Mukusi, Redwood, Rhodesian redwood, Umgusi, Umgusu, Umguzi, Umguzu, Umkuswi, Umpapa, Zambesi redwood, Zambesian redwood
Characteristics: The heartwood is reddish-brown sometimes marked with irregular black lines or flecks and sharply defined from the lighter narrow sapwood. The grain is straight to slightly interlocked. The texture is fine and even, giving a smooth hard surface. The weight is about 960 kg/m3 when dried. The wood should not be confused with true teak (Tectona grandis).
Working Qualities: Rather difficult to work, and has a huge dulling effect on cutting edges. A good finish is obtained in planing and moulding. The timber turns excellently and polishes well.
Uses: Boat building, decking, Cabinetmaking, Carvings, Flooring, Furniture, Construction, Panelling, Parquet flooring, Plywood, Posts, Railroad ties (sleepers), Tool handles, Toys,