American Beech (Fagus grandifolia)
Family – Fagaceae
Distribution: Canada and Northern USA
Other Names: Canadian beech, Red beech.
Characteristics: There is little distinction in colour between heartwood and sapwood, the sapwood being light brown and the heartwood reddish-brown. It is of similar quality to European beech but of coarser quality. It is also a little heavier, weighing about 740 Kg/M3 when dried. Beech is perishable and unsuitable for outdoor use. It is a strong wood, it works easily, takes a good finish and turns especially well.The timber weighs about R740 kg/m3 when dried.
Working Qualities: Works fairly readily, but there is a tendency for the wood to bind to the saw, and to burn in cross-cutting and drilling. It can be worked to a good finish however, and turns well. It has good nailing qualities, and can be stained, polished and glued satisfactorily.