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American Beech (Fagus grandifolia)
Family –  Fagaceae
Distribution: Canada and Northern USA
Other Names: Canadian beech, Red beech.
Characteristics: There is little distinction in colour between heartwood and sapwood, the sapwood being light brown and the heartwood reddish-brown. It is of similar quality to European beech but of coarser quality. It is also a little heavier, weighing about 740 Kg/M3 when dried. Beech is perishable and unsuitable for outdoor use. It is a strong wood, it works easily, takes a good finish and turns especially well.The timber weighs about R740 kg/m3 when dried.
Working Qualities: Works fairly readily, but there is a tendency for the wood to bind to the saw, and to burn in cross-cutting and drilling. It can be worked to a good finish however, and turns well. It has good nailing qualities, and can be stained, polished and glued satisfactorily.

Uses: Beech is an outstanding furniture wood, and is used especially for the turned and bent members of chairs. It is used for flooring, furniture, cooperage, woodware, interior joinery, handles and turnery, brushes, vehicle parts and wood distillation.